Over the last 26 years, the agriculture sector has played a tremendous role in improving the livelihoods of Rwandans and sustaining the country’s economy.
It Contributes 31% to the National GDP and covers food needs that generate 50% of the country’s export revenues.
The sector employs around 70% of the population.
Overall agricultural export incomes increased from $70 Million before 1994 to $421.1 million today`
Only Coffee, tea and Pyrethrum were considered as cash crops but recently stapled crops, animal products as well as new emerging commodities like macadamia flowers, fruits, vegetables cereals, and grains, became cash commodities too.
Annual coffee income has increased from USD 38 million in1994 to over USD62.4 million now.
Annual tea production grew from 11,000MT of made tea in 1994 to 32,343 MT of made tea to date. Annual tea revenue was only $17.5 million 26 years ago, but this cash crop now generates USD 92.54 million. #Kwibohora26
Annual tea revenue was only $17,5 million 26 years ago but this cash crop now generates USD 92.54 million.
Cattle population Over the last 26 years’ cattle population grew from 172000 to 1,300,000 with a contribution of 380,000 Cows from Girinka programme initiated by His Excellency President of the Republic of Rwanda Paul Kagame in 2006.
This has contributed to the improvement of livelihoods, nutrition, family incomes and social cohesion among Rwandans.
According to Dr Solange UWITUJE, Deputy Director General for Animal Research and technology Transfer, Milk production increased from 7,206,000 liters per year in 1994 to over 847,178,000 liters to date; an increase of 117.5 times.
“Milk Collection centers are now 132 from 0 in 1994, Milk Processing factories increase from 2 in 1994 to 5 to date and over the last 26 years’ milk consumption per capital per year in Rwanda increased from 1,2 liters in 1994 to 70 liters now” Dr Uwituje said.
Before 1994, Rwanda’s fish production was below 7000 Tons per year, Today the country produces 35,312MT of fish —an increase of 504.4%.
Rwanda’s vision for agricultural transformation and development is to achieve food security. In line with achieving this target, since 2016, the country committed to empowering young people in the agriculture sector, after 3 years Rwanda was awarded a global prize institute by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for outstanding efforts involving youth in Rwanda’s Agriculture transformation.
Over the last 3 years’ youth who are in the agriculture sector as entrepreneurs increased from 0 to 12.000 across the country.
From RYAF Communication Team